Landings List

The AOTM Landings List 1606 – 1814
A TIMELINE FROM WILLEM JANSZOON* TO LOUIS DE FREYCINET AND MATTHEW FLINDERS

DATABASE OF SELECTED LANDINGS ON THE AUSTRALIAN COASTS FROM 1606 TO 1814 IN CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER WITH BRIEF NARRATIVE OF THE ESSENTIALS AND OTHER SIGNIFICANT EVENTS.

Flags denote the nationality of the ships’ country of origin. Modern flags are used. All vessels’ names are in italics. Information sources are included in the book list.

Year
Event
Seventeenth Century
1606
After leaving Banda on 18 November 1605, around March 1606 VOC Captain Willem Janszoon,* Supercargo Jan Lodewijkszoon van Rosingeyn and crew aboard the Duyfken, charted about 300 km of the west coast of Cape York Peninsula in Queensland. First documented visit of Europeans to the shores of Australia.  
1606
From 1-9 October Louis Vaez de Torres sailed through the Torres Strait with the San Pedro and Los Tres Reyes, the first European recorded to have done so.  
1616
On 25 October Dirk Hartog, Skipper of the Eendracht, encountered Dirk Hartog Island off the coast of Western Australia. They moored there for three days while exploring the island before sailing away on 27 October. Before departing a pewter plate, the Hartog Plate, was left recording the details of the visit. This was the second documented landing of Europeans on the coast of continental Australia.  
1618
In May Haevik Claeszoon van Hillegom sailed past North West Cape in the Zeewolf.  
1618
Lenaert Jacobszoon sailed past North West Cape in July of that year in the Mauritius and found a watercourse, Willems River, also referred to as Jacop Remetsz. River, now known as Yardie Creek. It was named after the Supercargo Willem Janszoon, former Skipper of the Duyfken, who thus became the first navigator to enter Australian waters for a second time. He later wrote to the VOC in Amsterdam about the ‘discovery’ during this voyage of an island on the west coast, which was actually North West Cape.  
1619
Frederik de Houtman and Jacob Dedel in command of the Dordrecht (Skipper Janszoon Reiner) and the Amsterdam (Skipper Korneliszoon Marten) encountered the west coast in the Swan River (Perth) region in July, noting Rottnest Island, which they thought was a cape, before sailing north to the Albrolhos Islands, charted for the first time.  
1622
‘t Wapen van Hoorn ran aground near Shark Bay, but was refloated.  
1622
The crew of the Leeuwin mapped the south west coast of Western Australia noting a south coast trending eastwards. Cape Leeuwin was named after the ship.  
1622
Publication of VOC Cartographer Hessel Gerritszoon’s map ”Mar del sur”, the oldest map in existence showing the part of Australia charted by the Duyfken in 1606.  
1622
The Tryall was wrecked on the West Australian coast, running aground on the Tryall Rocks – the first known European wreck on the Australian coastline. 46 people fled in two small vessels, including EIC Captain John Brookes, and a further 93 were left to perish.  
1623
In January 1623 Jan Carstenszoon and Willem van Coolsteerdt in the Pera and the Arnhem landed on the west coast of Cape York Peninsula and sailed on to what is now Arnhem Land.  
1623
Claes Hermanszoon in the Leijden landed south of Dirk Hartog Island and Australia’s first European baby was born here. The Leijden returned to the west coast in 1626.  
1626
Daniel Janszoon Cock sailed along the coastline between Zuytdorp Cliffs and Dirk Hartog Island in the Leijden but did not land.  
1627
Commander Peter Nuyts and Skipper Francois Thijssen in ‘t Gulden Zeepaert charted the south coast of Australia as far as Fowler’s Bay – the first map of any part of the Australian south coast as well as part of the South Australian coast.  
1627
The Governor General of the Dutch ‘United East-Indies Company’ (VOC), Jan Pieterszoon Coen, was aboard the Galias when they nearly collided with the Albrolhos Islands in Western Australia. He recommended to the VOC that they map the continent.  
1627
Supercargo J. van Roosenburgh, with Skipper David Pieterszoon de Vries, sailing in ‘t Wapen Van Hoorn, undertakes further charting in the area around Dirk Hartog Island, adding to that done by the Eendracht in 1616.  
1628
Gerrit Frederikszoon de Witt sailed the Vianen along the North West Coast and charted 370 kilometres of the West Australian coastline.  
1629
June: The Batavia, with Commandeur Francisco Pelsaert on board, was wrecked on the Abrolhos Islands and the Batavia Mutiny follows. First recorded armed conflict between Europeans in Australian history took place when the resistence to the Mutiny (the defenders), led by Wiebbe Hayes, built a ‘fort’ and held off attacks by the mutineers. After sailing in a small boat to Java for help, Pelsaert returned in the Sardam, put down the Mutiny, rescued the survivors, conducted trials and executes the sentences of the Mutineers.  
1629
November: Wouter Loos and Jan Pelgrom De Bye – two of the mutineers from the Batavia Mutiny – were provided with a small boat and the means of survival, were left to fend for themselves at the mouth of the Hutt River. They were the first European settlers in Australia.  
1635
Wijbrandt Geleynszoon de Jongh in the Amsterdam charted the Western Australian coast around latitude 25 degrees S.  
1636
G.T. Pool and Piet Pieterszoon charted part of the Gulf of Carpentaria in the Klein Amsterdam and the Wesel.  
1642
Abel Janszoon Tasman in the Heemskerck, accompanied by Gerrit Janszoon (no relation to Willem Janszoon) in the Zeehaen, claimed Antonio Van Diemensland after planting a flag at North Bay and then sailed to New Zealand, becoming the first to chart part of New Zealand. They returned via the Pacific and north of New Guinea.
 
1644
Abel Janszoon Tasman with the vessels Limmen, Zeemeeuw and Braq charted 4000 km of the North Australian coast, but did not find the entrance to Torres Strait. In doing so he became the first navigator to have circumnavigated the continent in the course of the two voyages. More Details
1646
Robert Dudley published the first map by an Englishman (in Latin) that includes part of the Australian coastline.  
1648
Jan Janszoon Zeeuw mapped the Western Australian coastline in the Leeuwerik approximately 25-26 degrees S.  
1656
28 April: The Vergulde Draeck captained by Pieter Albertszoon was wrecked around 95 kms north of Perth. 7 men sailed to Batavia for help in a small boat. 68 passengers and crew initially stranded on the coast were never seen again, despite several subsequent VOC search parties.  
1656
The Goede Hoop and Witte Valcq searched for the missing 68 passengers and crew from the Vergulde Draeck. Because of bad weather only the Goede Hoop landed men to conduct a search. This was unsuccesful and a further 11 men were lost in the process. Captain and crew of the Vergulde Draeck were not found.  
1657
Flyboat Vincq, skippered by Joost Janszoon, also searched for the Vergulde Draeck survivors on its journey from Cape of Good Hope to Batavia, again without result.  
1658
Samuel Volkersen, in command of the Waekende Boey, and Aucke Pieter Jonck in the Emeloordt, continued the search for the missing Vergulde Draeck crew. Crew from the Waekende Boey landed on both the mainland and Rottnest Island. The first drawings of the Australian coast arose from this voyage.  
1658
Abraham Leeman and thirteen others, having been abandoned by Volkersen on the Green Islets off the central west coast of Western Australia, sailed back to the east end of Java in a small boat with almost no food or water – only four survived the ordeal and made their way on foot along the south coast of Java to eventually arrive in Batavia.  
1658
Jacob Pieterszoon Peereboom in the Elburgh made landfall near Cape Leeuwin and later sailed into Geographe Bay. He briefly encounters some Aboriginal people and observed their huts and tools.  
1659
The Immenhorn, also known as the Emmenhorn, skippered by Dirk Dirkszoon Jonas, sailed from Cape Town on 18 February to the coast of Western Australia to search once more for the 68 marooned survivors from the Vergulde Draeck. It sailed up the coast, probably in late March or early April but was not able to land a shore party. Upon reaching Batavia the VOC decided to abandon its search for the Vergulde Draeck survivors.  
1678
Jan van der Wall charted the north west coast from North West Cape to Roebuck Bay in the Vliegende Zwaan.  
1681
Captain Daniel sailed in the New London around the northern part of the Abrolhos Islands and povided the first description of part of Australia in English as well as the first map of part of Australia in English.  
1687
On 4 August Captain, later Admiral, Duquesne-Guitton sailing in the L’Oiseau while en route from Cape of Good Hope to the Kingdom of Siam (taking French Ambassdor, Claude Ceberet to set up an Embassy), sighted and sailed up the WA coast in the vicinity of the Swan River. The first recorded French contact with Australia.  
1688
William Dampier under Captain Read sailed the Cygnet into King Sound or Collier Bay in Western Australia and stayed two months whilst repairing their ship, while the crew had contact with Nimanburu people.  
1696-97
Searching for the Ridderschap van Holland, Willem de Vlamingh, in command of the Geelvinck, Nijptang and Weseltje, carried out detailed charting of many West Australian coasts. His crew travelled 80 kms inland on the Swan River, with the ship’s artist Victorszoon creating watercolours of the coast. De Vlamingh replaced Hartog’s pewter plate on Dirk Hartog Island with his own, and then charted Christmas Island on his return trip.  
1699
6 Aug: William Dampier in the Roebuck, named Shark Bay on the Western Australian coast after seeing many sharks, then also landed on Dirk Hartog Island. He was attacked by Karradjeri people at Lagrange Bay, south of Broome.  
Eighteenth Century
1704-05
Maarten van Delft, Andries Rooseboom, and Pieter Hendrikszoon visited the Tiwi islands and charted part of the north coast, from Arnhem Land as far west as the north Kimberley region, in the Nieuw Holland, the Waijer, and the Vosschenbosch and recorded extensive contacts with the Tiwi, Yolgnu and other Aboriginal groups.  
1712
The Zuytdorp was wrecked on the West Australian coast, 60 kms north of the mouth of the Murchison River. After some time, the survivors moved away, never to be seen again by Europeans. In 1927 remnants of the wreck were first reported. Coins helped identify the wreck.  
1727
Jan Steyns’ Zeewijk was wrecked in June on the Pelsaert Group of the Abrolhos Islands. A boat was sent to raise the alarm but disappeared. The crew of the Zeewijk then built a longboat from the wreckage – called Sloepie – the first European sailing vessel built in Australia, and sailed back to Batavia.  
1751
Under instructions from the Dutch Governor of Timor, to search for turtle grounds south of Timor, an unnanmed Chinese trader encountered the north west coast of Australia, sailing along it for several days.
1756
Jan Etienne Gonzal, in command of Rijder, and Lavienne Lodewijk van Asschens in the Buijs, explored the Gulf of Carpentaria, at times having extensive interaction with the Indigenous Australians they encountered. While awaiting van Asschens, Gonzal unwittingly sailed through Torres Strait and back again, the first to do so since Torres, and 14 years before Cook.  
1768
Louis Antoine de Bougainville sailed in the Boudeuse and Etoile and was stopped 100 kms short of the east coast of Australian by the Great Barrier Reef.  
1770
James Cook charted the east coast of New Holland from Bass Street to Possession Island in the Endeavour. He makes landfall at several places including Botany Bay before sailing through Torres Strait. He claimed possession of the whole eastern coast for Great Britain from Point Hicks to to Possession Island giving it the name of New South Wales.  
1772
Francois Alesno de St Allouarn sailed the Gros Venture along the WA coast from Cape Leeuwin to Shark Bay, where he left a bottle claiming Australia for France, before sailing on to Melville Island.  
1772
Marc-Joseph Marion Dufresne sailed the Mascarin and the Marquis de Castries to Tasmania (Marion Bay and Blackman Bay) making first direct European contact with the Tasmania Aborigines. Conflict with them brought about the death of the first Tasmanian Aborigine ”in defence of his home land”. After landing in New Zealand, 28 of the crew, including Marion, were killed and eaten by Maoris.  
1773
Tobias Furneaux in HMS Adventure, upon parting from Cook during his 2nd voyage in the Resolution, charted the east coast of Tasmania, recorded the position of the Furneaux Islands and landed at Adventure Bay; he then sailed to New Zealand.  
1777
Captain Cook in HMS Resolution, on his third voyage, with Captain Clerke in Discovery, visited Australia for the second time. Due to damage to his mast and rigging Cook had sought refuge at Adventure Bay on 26 January 1777. They made repairs, and wooded and watered. There was also a brief encounter between them and some of the Paredarerme people. They departed on 30 January  
1788
Arthur Phillip in the Supply, Sirius and nine other vessels comprising the ‘First Fleet’ began arriving at Botany Bay from 18 January. After exploring Cook’s Port Jackson from 22-23 January, the Fleet moved up the coast to Sydney Cove on 26th January.  
1788
Jean François Galaup Comte de La Pérouse sails La Boussole and L’Astrolabe into Botany Bay and lands there as the First Fleet is moving to Sydney Cove. After moving north into the Pacific they disappear near the Solomon Islands. Later it was discovered that the ships had been wrecked on the reefs at Vanikoro.  
1788
Lt. Ball in Supply, while voyaging beteen Port jackson and Norfolk Islaned, discovered the uninhabited Lord Howe Island and nearly Ball’s Pyramid.  
1788-89
William Bligh in launch from Bounty, found his way through the Great Barrier Reef, landed on and named Restoration island sailed northwards charting the coast. Then he sailed through Torres Strait.  
1789
John Henry Cox in the Mercury (aka Gustaf III), on a Swedish privateering expedition to NW America, called at Amsterdam Island and southern Tasmania and charted Maria Island.  
1791
George Vancouver in Discovery and Chatham named various landmarks on the south coast of Western Australia, including King George Sound. Observed Aboriginal occupation.  
1791
Edward Edwards returned from Tahiti with some of the Bounty Mutineers in the Pandora, charted a stretch of the Great Barrier Reef east of Torres Strait, was then wrecked on Pandora reef. The survivors sailed to Timor in the ships boats.  
1791-92
John McCluer, in command of the English East India Company ships, Panther and Endeavour, after surveying the coasts of Papua and New Guinea, turned west to Benkulen via the northern Australia coast. This was the first English contact with Australia’s north coast.  
1792-93
Antoine Bruny d’Entrecasteaux sailed around Australia in the Recherche and the Espérance in search of LaPérouse. Visited Tasmania twice, charting part of it and having lengthy contact with Tasmanians.  
1793
The Italian born captain Alessandro Malaspina on both an intelligence and scientific mission sailed in charge of the Spanish naval vessels Descubierta and Atrivida from the Philippines to Australia and landed 13 March in Sydney. He left 11 April for Tonga.  
1793
Private expedition captained by Sir John Hayes to Tasmania and New Guinea; he explored and named the Derwent River and Risdon Cove, visited Adventure Bay, with the vessels Duchess of Bengal and Duke of Clarence. 24 April to 9 June.  
1795
William Robert Broughton, in command of His Majesty’s Frigate Providence, visited and surveyed Port Stephens in August 1795. Providence Bay, between Port Stephens and Broughton Islands, was subsequently named after this ship, which he had served on, under the command of William Bligh on his second breadfruit voyage to Tahiti in 1790-92. Salamander Bay is named after the Salamander, a convict ship that was the first European vessel to enter Port Stephens, in October 1791.  
1795
28 October to 3 November: George Bass and Matthew Flinders explored the Georges River in the small Tom Thumb I .  
1796
25 March to 2 April: Bass, Martin and Flinders took the also small boat Tom Thumb II, explored the Port Kembla area and encounter many Aborigines. they charted Lake Illawarra, Wattamolla and Port Hacking.  
1797
Sydney Cove beached on Preservation Island off Tasmania sailing from Bengal. 17 crew members reach coast of Victoria near Lakes Entrance. The first Europeans to land in Victoria and the first Asians, as the group included a number of Bengali sailors. Three survived an epic journey to Port Jackson, including one Bengali. Master Gavin Hamilton suggests there may be a strait between Van Diemen’s Land and the rest of Australia  
1797
George Bass in whaleboat searched for and found the three survivors from the Sydney Cove, as well as coal, near Wollongong.  
1797-98
George Bass sails south from Port Jackson in a whaleboat to Western Port, charts the coast and confirms there is a strait between Tasmania and continental Australia.  
1798
Matthew Flinders, on his first command, sails in the Norfolk to Tasmania, circumnavigating and charting it.  
Nineteenth Century
1800
The Kingston with Captain Thomas Dennis and the Elligood under Captain Christopher Dickson, both whalers, in King George Sound WA from 11 August to 5 September, after which they went to Oyster Harbour. Here they left an inscribed metal plate, which was later found by Flinders’ crew.  
1800
Lt James Grant and John Murray sailed the Lady Nelson from England through bass Stait to Port Jackson chartin some of the remaining uncharted coasts of Victorian Coasts.  
1801
Emmanuel Hamelin’s junior officer Louis de Freycinet was with crew who found the De Vlamingh’s pewter plate on Dirk Hartog Island left there in 1697 (see above). Hamelin ordered it to be left there. Returning in 1818 Freycinet collected it and took it to Paris.  
1801-1802
John Murray took Lady Nelson from Port Jackson , surveyed part of the Victorian coast an charted and named Port Phillip (January 1802).  
1801-03
Nicolas Baudin and Emmanuel Hamelin chart part of the West Australian coast, Denial Bay, Spencer’s Gulf and Kangaroo Island on the south coast, and the southern Tasmanian coasts in the Géographe and the Naturaliste. They return to Mauritius where Baudin died in September. Freycinet took command on the return voyage of the Casuarina, which had been purchased in Sydney.  
1801-03
Matthew Flinders circumnavigated the continent in Investigator and completed charting of the south coast of Australia, as well as completing a more accurate survey of previously charted coasts. He met Baudin at Encounter Bay, South Australia on 8 April 1802.  
1804
Matthew Flinders drafted his manuscript map of the Australian coast while a prisoner at Mauritius and later took it to England.  
1811
Louis de Freycinet’s map of the Australian coast is the first full map of Australia to be published. It was also included in his Atlas, published in Paris the following year.  
1814
Matthew Flinders published his Narrative in London and his map of Australia. His use of ”Australia” on the map preceeds its adoption as the name for the continent and the modern nation.
REGULAR VISITORS
Makassan fishermen collecting trepang from the Arnhem Land and Kimberley coasts, to sell to the Chinese, came from at least the early 18th century. Flinders records an encounter with them in his journal.  

This ‘Landing List’ includes those navigators who made a recorded contact, including visual contact with Australia during the period, as well as some relevant landmarks in the mapping of Australia.

 

* Surnames ( Family names) were relatively uncommon in 17th century Holland. Names such as Janszoon or Carstenszoon, Willemsdochter were so called patronymics or names that referred to the first name of the father, and were in common use in 15th, 16th and 17th century Holland. In written form they were then often abbreviated as Jansz. , Carstensz. Willemsdr. etc., they were however usually pronounced in full, including the -zoon or -dochter. Because this form of abbreviation is not recognised as such in the English speaking world it is recommended that the full patronymic is always included in English texts, so the abbreviated patronymic is not perceived as the full name, as often often erroneously happens. They were not family names however. Some people like Abel Janszoon Tasman had a patronymic as well as as family name. Some patronymics were later used as family names although often in a slightly different form thereby becoming ‘frozen or petrified paronymics’ ( e.g. Janszoon to Jansen, Janssen, Jans etc.)

Janszoon is pronounced like Yahns-zone with dialectic differences. The ship Duyfken is acceptably pronounced dive-ken or dove-ken rather than doif-ken.